Connection to Olney-Hooker Family: Sancha de Ayala, born abt 1356 in Toledo, Spain, d. 1418, Leicestershire, England, was the 10x great-grandmother of Sarah Scott (1749-1825), wife of Major Coggeshall Olney.
Alão de Morais, Cristovão, and Eugénio de Andrea de Cunha e Freitas. Pedatura lusitana (nobiliário de familias de Portugal), em que se conté varias familias. Tomo Quarto, Volume Primeiro. Pôrto: Livraría Fernando Machado, 1946. In old Portuguese. Reprint of original document of 1673. Google Books. Nov. 2014. This is one book of a multi-volume series; all could prove interesting, depending on who you are researching. http://tinyurl.com/okp6s2h
Cawley, Charles. Iberian Peninsula section. Medieval Lands. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2006-14. Website. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CONTENTS.htm#CastileNobility
Collins, Roger. Caliphs and Kings: Spain, 796-1031. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2012. A detailed, scholarly yet readable history of the kingdoms on the Iberian peninsula after the conquest by the Arabs in 711. Info on monarchs, descendancies, politics and battles, all referenced by discussion of what is and what is not supported by contemporary documentation in either Latin or Arabic-language sources, as well as how the sources from the two cultures vary in their telling of the history.
De La Gándara, Felipe. Armas y triunfos, hechos heroicos de los hijos de Galicia. Elogios de su nobleza i de la maior de España. 1662. Heroic tales of the Baron warriors. https://books.google.com/books?id=rgdDAAAAcAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=armas+y+triunfos&hl=en&sa=X&ei=62UYVYTpL-zjsATm_oGgCQ&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=armas%20y%20triunfos&f=false
The Ducal House. Fundación Casa Ducal de Medinaceli. Website. In Spanish, with some pages translated to English. History of the ducal house of Medinaceli, which has had vast property holdings and whose members intermarried with other noble houses. Information on the website based on primary records held by the foundation created to manage the historical legacy of the dukedom and some of its properties. Pedigrees included. http://www.fundacionmedinaceli.org/casaducal/index.aspx
Lopes de Haro, Alonso. Nobiliario genealógico de los Reyes y Titulos de España. Madrid: Luis Sanchez, 1622. Google Books. In old Spanish. Histories of various noble families with descendancies. http://tinyurl.com/lphgayw
Molénat, Jean-Pierre. Campagnes et Monts de Tolède du XIIe au XVe Siècle. Madrid: Casa de Velázquez, 1997. In French. In depth study of Toledo and its surroundings during the 12th to 15th centuries, including modern research done on noble families of the region and their pedigrees. Also available via Google Books. Nov. 2014. http://preview.tinyurl.com/ngl3m23
Nader, Helen. The Mendoza Family in the Spanish Renaissance, 1350 to 1550. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1979. An excellent resource for understanding the role of the handful of Alavese gentry (hidalgo) families who moved to Castile in the 13h century, their status as caballeros who took on ever higher positions in pubic administration while supporting their kings as soldiers in the battles against the Muslims, and the role their involvement in the Trastámara revolt played on their families’ futures. The Alavese families include the Ayalas, the Mendozas, the Velascos, and the Orozco. These families later formed the core of Castilian high society and gained great wealth, power and some of the first inheritable noble titles given out by the crown.
Pedro Conde de Barcellos, Joam Baptista de Lavanha, Félix Machado de Silva, Castro e Vasconcellos. Nobiliario de Don Pedro Conde de Bracelos, hijo del Rey Don Dionis de Portugal, ordenado y illustrado con notas y indices por Juan-Bautista Lavanha. Roma: Paolinio, 1640. Google Books. Nov. 2014. The content was originally written before 1354 in Portuguese and was later translated into (old!) Spanish and re-printed into the versions now available on-line via Google Books; I think they were different printings. The book is said to have many errors in it, but the Nobiliario is the only surviving source which confirms many of the family relationships of the nobility in 13th and 14th century Castile and León (per FMG, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy). The book contains a primary list of families, but it also contains two sections of keyed notes by other authors who note where they disagree with the primary author and/or provide alternate or additional information on some relationships in the primary document. http://preview.tinyurl.com/mjgo5fl
Remie Constable, Olivia, Ed. Medieval Iberia: Readings from Christian, Muslim, and Jewish Sources. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997. Excerpts of original documents dating from 624 to abt 1500 that relay facts or reflect attitudes of the society and time in which they were written. Fascinating tidbits. Glossary included.
Vaquero, Mercedes. Cultura Nobiliaria y Biblioteca de Fernán Pérez de Guzmán. Oretania Ediciones, Serie Minor, 2003. http://parnaseo.uv.es/Lemir/Revista/Revista7/Vaquero/MercedesVaquero.htm
Updated: 29 March 2015